Any misalignment of the eyes. It is estimated that 4% of the U.S. population has strabismus.


The false appearance of crossed eyes. Strabismus is the medical term for actual eye misalignment.


Esotropia is in-turning of one or both eyes. May be intermittent or constant.


Strabismus in which the eyes are misaligned in the vertical plane. Refers to the lower eye.

Duane Syndrome

A group of eye muscle disorders that cause abnormal eye movements.

Convergence Insufficiency

Convergence insufficiency is the inability to keeping the two eyes working together at a near distance.


Decreased vision in one or both eyes due to abnormal development of vision in infancy or childhood.


Any cloudiness or opacity of the lens of the eye, which is normally crystal clear.


A form of strabismus (eye misalignment) referring to eyes that turn outward.


Sometimes a gland gets clogged and its oil gets trapped, leaking into the eyelid.


Sometimes the lower eyelid has “too much skin” and this causes the eyelashes to roll inwards.

Tear Duct Obstruction

The tear duct does not properly empty into the nose, so the tears back up and overflow.


A wide variety of surgical procedures that deal with the eye socket, eyelids, tear ducts, and the face.


To help focus the image properly, we can use lenses in front of the eyes.


When one image is focused into two spots, this is astigmatism.


When one eye has more astigmatism than the other, this is anisometropic astigmatism.


When the focusing system places an image into focus behind the retina, but not on the retina.


When each eye has a different degree of hyperopia, this is anisometropic hyperopia.


Distant objects placed in front of the retina, but not on the retina.

Viral Conjunctivitis

When the conjunctiva is inflamed, for any reason, this is termed conjunctivitis.

Allergic Conjunctivitis

If there is a lot of pollen in the air, then allergic conjunctivitis is most likely.

Strabismus Surgery

Surgery is performed to correct misalignment of the eyes or minimize involuntary eye shaking.

Pink Eye

Pinkeye (also called conjunctivitis) is redness and swelling of the conjunctiva.